Upper Ukraina
Mortar Count: 29
Open
Walpert Ridge Lookout
Mortar Count: 19
Open
ALA-60 at Crow Canyon Road and Castro Valley Boulevard
Mortar Count: 44
Open
Canyon Middle School
Mortar Count: 8
Open
Chinese Tree of Heaven
Mortar Count: 18
Open
Garin Park, east spur
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Garin, single morta
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Gossip Rock
Mortar Count: 5
Open
Hill 1424
Mortar Count: 4
Open
Jalquin Vista Park
Mortar Count: 16
Open
Mid-Walpert Village
Mortar Count: 32
Open
North Knoll, Chinese Tree of Heaven
Mortar Count: 12
Open
North Walpert Camp
Mortar Count: 2
Open
North Walpert Lookout
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Rockwall to Campsite
Mortar Count: 8
Open
Ryan’s Hideaway
Mortar Count: 24
Open
South of Prayer Circle
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Stonebrae, 16th hole
Mortar Count: 5
Open
SW Walpert Ceremonial Site
Mortar Count: 22
Open
Upper Palomares Canyon
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Upper Shady Canyon
Mortar Count: 1
Open

Territory: Yrgin

The Yrgin, an Ohlone tribelet, controlled the San Lorenzo Creek watershed on the east side of San Francisco Bay. Yrgin territory included the present day cities of Hayward and Castro Valley and extended from the bayshore to the heights of Walpert Ridge. Walpert Ridge gives every indication of being a religious/ceremonial center. Rock walls, rectangles, prayer circles, and other features are scattered across Walpert’s “high country.” We have no clue as to what, if anything, went on there, but we do know that Walpert Ridge possesses extensive views that encompass much of the central and south Bay Area. This is a place, like Mt. Diablo, where one can have the sense of being on top of the world, looking out over creation.

Some of the sites on Walpert Ridge are owned by the East Bay Regional Park District but held in “land bank” status. Others are on land held by private owners. One should secure permission before visiting any of them.

Randall Milliken suggests in A Time of Little Choice that the Yrgin and the Jalquin may have been the same people. He does not represent this possibility on his tribelet maps in Native American History Studies for the Los Vaqueros Project: A Synthesis, which we follow here.

ALA60_1

ALA-60 at Crow Canyon Road and Castro Valley Boulevard

ALA-6044 bedrock mortars and 182 cupules near the intersection of Crow Canyon Road and Castro Valley Boulevard.The official trinomial for this site is CA-ALA-60. E. Breck Parkman, Senior State Archaeologist for California State Parks, suggests this may be one of the oldest acorn processing sites in the Bay Area. Cultural material excavated here has been […]

Ceremonial2

SW Walpert Ceremonial Site

SW Walpert Ceremonial Site.22 bedrock mortars and stone circle placementsElevation 1365 ft.There are extensive views from here.Bob heads for the knob.A closer view of the site. The South Bay lies at its feet.Note the erosion and wear on these two old bowls. Their recessed, “Olla” rims are typically associated with boiling water or food preparation, […]

CMS2

Canyon Middle School

Canyon Middle School8 bedrock mortars on two rocksElevation 302 ft.Thanks to Joel for discovering this charming site.One of the mortar rocks here sits near the edge of a steep cliff above Crow Canyon Road and the buried Crow Creek.There are beautifully proportioned mortars on this rock.Another beautiful mortar rock sits in a little meadow not […]

UpperPalomaresCanyon

Upper Palomares Canyon

Upper Palomares CanyonOne bedrock mortarElevation 1450 feetThis rock sits below a spring box, which itself lies directly below the Rockwall to Campsite site. The mortar is a no-doubt-about-it cone six inches wide and six inches deep.One should secure permission before visiting this site.

CTH5

Chinese Tree of Heaven

Chinese Tree of Heaven18 bedrock mortars (including 5 bowl mortars), 3 metates, 2 cupules, incised rocks, rock rectangles, rock walls, and rock-lined pathwaysThe Chinese Tree of Heaven tree (Ailanthus altissima) was introduced to California by the Chinese during the Gold Rush. The presence of this tree along with the dry-laid masonry skill apparent in a […]

UpperShady2

Upper Shady Canyon

Upper Shady CanyonOne bedrock mortar and a possible rock cairnElevation 953 feetThanks to Nick the Scout for leading us to this site.This site offers a commanding view.Note how the mortar rim is raised in a “fat lip” configuration.

GarinEastSpur

Garin Park, east spur

Garin Park, east spur2 bedrock mortars and possible grinding slick.This is on one of the principal routes to Walpert Ridge.One should secure permission before visiting this site.

UpperUkraina

Upper Ukraina

Upper Ukraina29 bedrock mortars at and around a creek confluence.Ukraina was the final and only safe home for Agapius Honcharenko, Ukrainian patriot and Greek Orthodox priest who was harassed by Tsarist police and special agents across Europe and America on account of his pro-Ukrainian and anti-Russian writings. That he found a safe haven on Walpert […]

GarinSingleMortar

Garin, single morta

Garin, single mortar1 bedrock mortar next to the trail under a tree.Was this little camp a traveler’s rest stop?Bob’s right hand just about spans the mortar’s mouth.One should secure permission before visiting this site.

MidWalpertLookout

Walpert Ridge Lookout

Walpert Ridge Lookout19 bedrock mortars.Many are worn and chipped, giving the apppearance of age.The lookout.The view north and east from here is as impressive as the one to the west. This hill can be identified from many locations in the East Bay.Looking toward Mission Peak. Note the stacked rock wall probably constructed in historic times.Two […]