4 housepits near Bear Gulch
9 Bedrock Mortars Near Sunol Regional Wilderness Interpretative Center
Mortar Count: 9
Open
Above Mission Peak Meadow
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Agua Caliente Creek
Mortar Count: 7
Open
Agua Caliente East
Mortar Count: 3
Open
ALA-60 at Crow Canyon Road and Castro Valley Boulevard
Mortar Count: 44
Open
Alameda/Calaveras Creek confluence
Mortar Count: 3
Open
Albany Hill
Mortar Count: 4
Open
Alpine Pond — Palo Alto
Mortar Count: 35
Open
Alvarado Park
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Alviso Adobe 38 cupule rock.
Below McClure Springs
Benica Quarry #1
Mortar Count: 5
Open
Benica Quarry #2
Mortar Count: 20
Open
Blue Rock Springs Park — North
Blue Rock Springs Park — South
Briggs Creek below Alma College
Mortar Count: 25
Open
Brushy Peak Loop Trail
Mortar Count: 6
Open
Buckeye Canyon Mound
Canada del Cierbo
Mortar Count: 28
Open
Canyon Middle School
Mortar Count: 8
Open
Canyon Trail Park Petroglyph Boulder CA-CCO-152
Mortar Count: 20
Open
Castle Rock Park Partridge Farm area
Mortar Count: 7
Open
Cave Camp
Mortar Count: 5
Open
Charcoal Road — Saratoga
Mortar Count: 16
Open
Chinese Tree of Heaven
Mortar Count: 18
Open
Chitactac
Mortar Count: 75
Open
Circle of Circles
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Club Moto
Mortar Count: 30
Open
Dillon Point
Mortar Count: 4
Open
Don Edwards Preserve
Mortar Count: 4
Open
East Goat Rock Camp
Mortar Count: 4
Open
El Sobrante La Honda
El Sobrante Library
Evergreen Valley Cupule Rock on Silver Creek
First Terrace
Mortar Count: 31
Open
Frick Lake
Mortar Count: 16
Open
Garin Park, east spur
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Garin, single morta
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Glen Cove Park, aka Sogorea Te
Mortar Count: 20
Open
Gossip Rock
Mortar Count: 5
Open
Guadalupe Oak Grove Park
Mortar Count: 4
Open
Hill 1424
Mortar Count: 4
Open
Horse Heaven Trail
Mortar Count: 3
Open
Jalquin Vista Park
Mortar Count: 16
Open
Jeff’s Hideaway
Mortar Count: 4
Open
Jeff’s Lookout
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Jeff’s Niles Canyon Mortar
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Jeff’s Pestles
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Joel’s Fat Lip Mortars
Mortar Count: 3
Open
Kitchen Site
Mortar Count: 22
Open
Lake Anza, east side
Mortar Count: 10
Open
Lake Del Valle, Campsite 40
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Lake Del Valle, Campsite 74
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Lexington Reservoir
Mortar Count: 27
Open
Mare Island shell midden
Mid Upper Welch Creek
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Mid-Walpert Village
Mortar Count: 32
Open
Miller’s Creek
Mortar Count: 3
Open
Minnis Ranch Rock
Mortar Count: 14
Open
Mira Vista Park
Mortar Count: 10
Open
Mission Creek Trail Spring
Mission San Jose
Monte Bello Open Space–headwaters of Stevens Creek
Mortar Count: 12
Open
Mt. Diablo Winter Solstice alignment
Murietta Falls
Mortar Count: 3
Open
North Knoll, Chinese Tree of Heaven
Mortar Count: 12
Open
North Mission Peak
North Vargas Plateau
Mortar Count: 2
Open
North Walpert Camp
Mortar Count: 2
Open
North Walpert Lookout
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Observation Hill
Patterson Mound, CA-ALA-328
Pinole Shores Shellmound
Possible PCN
Post Office Rock
Mortar Count: 12
Open
Rancho Higuera
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Rankin Park Overlook
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Reservoir
Mortar Count: 7
Open
Rock Scramble Jaca
Rockwall to Campsite
Mortar Count: 8
Open
Ryan’s Hideaway
Mortar Count: 24
Open
San Antonio Creek Rock
Mortar Count: 4
Open
Sanborn Creek Village — Saratoga
Mortar Count: 19
Open
Second Terrace
Mortar Count: 20
Open
Siippery Rock at Big Basin
Mortar Count: 8
Open
Siplichiquin Shell Mound
South Fork Apperson Creek
Mortar Count: 1
Open
South Mission Peak
South of Prayer Circle
Mortar Count: 1
Open
South Vargas Plateau
Mortar Count: 3
Open
Southern Rocky Ridge
Mortar Count: 14
Open
Stienstra’s Easy Chair
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Stonebrae, 16th hole
Mortar Count: 5
Open
Stromer Spring
Mortar Count: 25
Open
Sulphur Spring
Mortar Count: 5
Open
Sunol Ridge Prayer Circle
Sunol Ridge, North of Prayer Circle
Sunol Ridge, South of Prayer Circle
SW Walpert Ceremonial Site
Mortar Count: 22
Open
Swett Ranch
Mortar Count: 16
Open
The Old Homestead
Third Terrace
Mortar Count: 6
Open
Top ‘o Brushy Peak
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Turtle Rock – Solstice site.
Upper Crow Creek
Mortar Count: 3
Open
Upper Fetus
Mortar Count: 5
Open
Upper Lake at the Alma College site
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Upper Palomares Canyon
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Upper San Antonio Creek
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Upper Shady Canyon
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Upper Ukraina
Mortar Count: 29
Open
Upper Welch Creek Road
Mortar Count: 5
Open
Vernal Pool
Mortar Count: 23
Open
Walpert Ridge Lookout
Mortar Count: 19
Open
Welch-Hurst house
Mortar Count: 14
Open
West Ohlone Rocky Ridge
Mortar Count: 17
Open
Whittell Marsh Shellmound
Wildcat Creek
Mortar Count: 4
Open
Wildcat Creek Cupule Rock
Williams Gulch
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Windmill Overlook, Central
Mortar Count: 22
Open
Windmill Overlook, Lower
Mortar Count: 20
Open
Windmill Overlook, Upper
Mortar Count: 2
Open

Territory: Ohlone

Speakers of Ohlone dialects occupied the lands encompassed by Alameda, Santa Clara, Santa Cruz, San Mateo, and San Francisco Counties. One Ohlone triblet, the Carquin, occupied lands on the north shore of the Carquinez Strait in Solano County and probably in the southern part of Napa County.

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Siplichiquin Shell Mound

Siplichiquin Shell MoundLarge shellmound with a bay viewElevation 30 ft.Subsurface charcoal samples recovered here have been radiocarbon dated back over 5,000 years, making this shellmound one of the oldest in the Bay Area. Other charcoal samples date from just a few hundred years ago. Perhaps this mound was an active village site when the Spanish […]

WCC3

Wildcat Creek

Wildcat Creek4 bedrock mortars and 5 anvils or shallow mortarsElevation 267 ft.Thanks to John for directing us to this site.The mortar rock sits next to a beautiful poolOne of the bedrock mortars. The underlying rock here is blueschist.Bob straddles the mortar pictured above.

SunolPark

9 Bedrock Mortars Near Sunol Regional Wilderness Interpretative Center

9 bedrock mortarsNear Sunol Regional Wilderness Interpretative Center.Alameda Creek is the Bay Area’s largest. Many of its streambed cobbles look like pre-shaped pestles. Perhaps they were valuable trade items.The park authorities acknowledge and celebrate the Indian presence here.

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El Sobrante Library

El Sobrante LibraryVillage site and shellmoundElevation 95 ft.Another one of Joel’s discoveries.The library was constructed right on top of a major village site, but you’d never know it.Midden soil.

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Murietta Falls

Murietta Falls3 bedrock mortarsHike out to Murietta Falls in the winter when the creeks are full of water.Bob sits on a rock slab not too far from the falls. Note the mortar hole full of water in the foreground.Murietta FallsPhotograph by Bob Bardell.

SunolRidgeNorthRockWall

Sunol Ridge, North of Prayer Circle

Sunol Ridge, North of Prayer CircleRock wall and possible cairnElevation 1797 ft.Bob heads down along the rock wall to inspect the possible cairn, which sits at the top of the watercourse that flows past the Prayer Circle.This site may be on private property. One should secure permission before visiting it.

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Benica Quarry #1

Benica Quarry #15 bedrock mortarsElevation 140 ft.Look for these mortars on the top rock of a small outcrop.Jim inspects the site.This site is on private property. One should secure permission before visiting it.

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Jalquin Vista Park

Jalquin Vista Park16 bedrock Mortars, many with recessed “Olla” rims3 housepitsElevation 1194 ft.What’s in a name? The City of Hayward may think this site was in Jalquin territory, but we believe the Yrgin controlled all of the Walpert Ridge “high country.”This is a great site with extensive views. You can drive right up to it.Note […]

RH1

Rancho Higuera

Rancho HigueraTwo bedrock mortarsElevation 342 ft.This site is named for the nearby Rancho Higuera Historical Park.Joel, who turned us on to this site, sent us a picture of another rock where potential mortars were clogged with dirt. We couldn’t find it.Photograph by Bob Bardell

UpperPalomaresCanyon

Upper Palomares Canyon

Upper Palomares CanyonOne bedrock mortarElevation 1450 feetThis rock sits below a spring box, which itself lies directly below the Rockwall to Campsite site. The mortar is a no-doubt-about-it cone six inches wide and six inches deep.One should secure permission before visiting this site.