4 housepits near Bear Gulch
9 Bedrock Mortars Near Sunol Regional Wilderness Interpretative Center
Mortar Count: 9
Open
Above Mission Peak Meadow
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Agua Caliente Creek
Mortar Count: 7
Open
Agua Caliente East
Mortar Count: 3
Open
ALA-60 at Crow Canyon Road and Castro Valley Boulevard
Mortar Count: 44
Open
Alameda/Calaveras Creek confluence
Mortar Count: 3
Open
Albany Hill
Mortar Count: 4
Open
Alpine Pond — Palo Alto
Mortar Count: 35
Open
Alvarado Park
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Alviso Adobe 38 cupule rock.
Below McClure Springs
Benica Quarry #1
Mortar Count: 5
Open
Benica Quarry #2
Mortar Count: 20
Open
Blue Rock Springs Park — North
Blue Rock Springs Park — South
Briggs Creek below Alma College
Mortar Count: 25
Open
Brushy Peak Loop Trail
Mortar Count: 6
Open
Buckeye Canyon Mound
Canada del Cierbo
Mortar Count: 28
Open
Canyon Middle School
Mortar Count: 8
Open
Canyon Trail Park Petroglyph Boulder CA-CCO-152
Mortar Count: 20
Open
Castle Rock Park Partridge Farm area
Mortar Count: 7
Open
Cave Camp
Mortar Count: 5
Open
Charcoal Road — Saratoga
Mortar Count: 16
Open
Chinese Tree of Heaven
Mortar Count: 18
Open
Chitactac
Mortar Count: 75
Open
Circle of Circles
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Club Moto
Mortar Count: 30
Open
Dillon Point
Mortar Count: 4
Open
Don Edwards Preserve
Mortar Count: 4
Open
East Goat Rock Camp
Mortar Count: 4
Open
El Sobrante La Honda
El Sobrante Library
Evergreen Valley Cupule Rock on Silver Creek
First Terrace
Mortar Count: 31
Open
Frick Lake
Mortar Count: 16
Open
Garin Park, east spur
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Garin, single morta
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Glen Cove Park, aka Sogorea Te
Mortar Count: 20
Open
Gossip Rock
Mortar Count: 5
Open
Guadalupe Oak Grove Park
Mortar Count: 4
Open
Hill 1424
Mortar Count: 4
Open
Horse Heaven Trail
Mortar Count: 3
Open
Jalquin Vista Park
Mortar Count: 16
Open
Jeff’s Hideaway
Mortar Count: 4
Open
Jeff’s Lookout
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Jeff’s Niles Canyon Mortar
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Jeff’s Pestles
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Joel’s Fat Lip Mortars
Mortar Count: 3
Open
Kitchen Site
Mortar Count: 22
Open
Lake Anza, east side
Mortar Count: 10
Open
Lake Del Valle, Campsite 40
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Lake Del Valle, Campsite 74
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Lexington Reservoir
Mortar Count: 27
Open
Mare Island shell midden
Mid Upper Welch Creek
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Mid-Walpert Village
Mortar Count: 32
Open
Miller’s Creek
Mortar Count: 3
Open
Minnis Ranch Rock
Mortar Count: 14
Open
Mira Vista Park
Mortar Count: 10
Open
Mission Creek Trail Spring
Mission San Jose
Monte Bello Open Space–headwaters of Stevens Creek
Mortar Count: 12
Open
Mt. Diablo Winter Solstice alignment
Murietta Falls
Mortar Count: 3
Open
North Knoll, Chinese Tree of Heaven
Mortar Count: 12
Open
North Mission Peak
North Vargas Plateau
Mortar Count: 2
Open
North Walpert Camp
Mortar Count: 2
Open
North Walpert Lookout
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Observation Hill
Patterson Mound, CA-ALA-328
Pinole Shores Shellmound
Possible PCN
Post Office Rock
Mortar Count: 12
Open
Rancho Higuera
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Rankin Park Overlook
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Reservoir
Mortar Count: 7
Open
Rock Scramble Jaca
Rockwall to Campsite
Mortar Count: 8
Open
Ryan’s Hideaway
Mortar Count: 24
Open
San Antonio Creek Rock
Mortar Count: 4
Open
Sanborn Creek Village — Saratoga
Mortar Count: 19
Open
Second Terrace
Mortar Count: 20
Open
Siippery Rock at Big Basin
Mortar Count: 8
Open
Siplichiquin Shell Mound
South Fork Apperson Creek
Mortar Count: 1
Open
South Mission Peak
South of Prayer Circle
Mortar Count: 1
Open
South Vargas Plateau
Mortar Count: 3
Open
Southern Rocky Ridge
Mortar Count: 14
Open
Stienstra’s Easy Chair
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Stonebrae, 16th hole
Mortar Count: 5
Open
Stromer Spring
Mortar Count: 25
Open
Sulphur Spring
Mortar Count: 5
Open
Sunol Ridge Prayer Circle
Sunol Ridge, North of Prayer Circle
Sunol Ridge, South of Prayer Circle
SW Walpert Ceremonial Site
Mortar Count: 22
Open
Swett Ranch
Mortar Count: 16
Open
The Old Homestead
Third Terrace
Mortar Count: 6
Open
Top ‘o Brushy Peak
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Turtle Rock – Solstice site.
Upper Crow Creek
Mortar Count: 3
Open
Upper Fetus
Mortar Count: 5
Open
Upper Lake at the Alma College site
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Upper Palomares Canyon
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Upper San Antonio Creek
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Upper Shady Canyon
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Upper Ukraina
Mortar Count: 29
Open
Upper Welch Creek Road
Mortar Count: 5
Open
Vernal Pool
Mortar Count: 23
Open
Walpert Ridge Lookout
Mortar Count: 19
Open
Welch-Hurst house
Mortar Count: 14
Open
West Ohlone Rocky Ridge
Mortar Count: 17
Open
Whittell Marsh Shellmound
Wildcat Creek
Mortar Count: 4
Open
Wildcat Creek Cupule Rock
Williams Gulch
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Windmill Overlook, Central
Mortar Count: 22
Open
Windmill Overlook, Lower
Mortar Count: 20
Open
Windmill Overlook, Upper
Mortar Count: 2
Open

Territory: Ohlone

Speakers of Ohlone dialects occupied the lands encompassed by Alameda, Santa Clara, Santa Cruz, San Mateo, and San Francisco Counties. One Ohlone triblet, the Carquin, occupied lands on the north shore of the Carquinez Strait in Solano County and probably in the southern part of Napa County.

ACE2

Agua Caliente East

Agua Caliente EastThree bedrock mortars and one anvilElevation 475 ft.Joel discovered this mortar rock up the creek from the Agua Caliente site.It’s unusual to see mortars in such poorly cemented sandstore. Note the small stones in the rock matrix.Photographs by Bob Bardell

FrickLake4

Frick Lake

Frick Lake16 bedrock mortars and anvils.This site hugs the southwestern boundary of Brushy Peak Regional Preserve. Thanks to Joel for discovering it.Looking down at the site and at Frick Lake.Photograph by Bob Bardell.The mortar rocks.A closeup of one of the mortar rocks.Another mortar rock. Note the range of mortar sizes–from the cupule/anvil through the shallow […]

NorthVargasPlateau1

North Vargas Plateau

North Vargas Plateau1 bedrock mortar and 1 portable mortarPossible adjoining prayer seat.Elevation 1150 ft.A reader of Native American Indian Sites in the East Bay Hills turned us on to this site. Keep those emails coming folks.In the distance: Alameda Creek catchment basin, Coyote Hills, the Peninsula.A closeup of the pestle. The discoloration probably isn’t paint, […]

SwettRanch4

Swett Ranch

Swett Ranch16 bedrock mortarsElevation 372 ft.Looking toward the site.At least one mortar rock has tumbled into the nearby creek.A partially buried mortar rock.The same mortar rock after daylighting.More mortar rocks at this site. It’s easy to make out the single mortar rock, but the multi-mortar rock surface is nearly obscured by shrub branches.We were conducted […]

Blue Rock Springs Park — South

Blue Rock Springs Park — South Curved Rock Alignment Elevation 520 ft. This alignment extends along the north and east sides of a little knoll at the bottom of valley. Who constructed it and why? A closer look. The knoll is flat on top. A detail shot showing the stacking.

NCM1

Jeff’s Niles Canyon Mortar

Jeff’s Niles Canyon MortarOne bedrock mortar and a house pit along Alameda CreekElevation 217 ft.This is another one of Jeff’s beautiful single mortar sites.The site is on the left side of the trail under the trees.These rocks sit on a terrace above Alameda Creek, which flows in the background, and are arranged in a horseshoe […]

SJacal2

Rock Scramble Jaca

Rock Scramble JacalStacked rock complex above Alameda Creek overlooking the Rock Scramble.Elevation 1069 ft.Thanks to Michael for turning us on to this remarkable site. We’ve seen nothing like it in the Bay Area. It feels like a fortress. It could be a massive hunting blind, yet it contains elements that don’t seem related to the […]

UpperUkraina

Upper Ukraina

Upper Ukraina29 bedrock mortars at and around a creek confluence.Ukraina was the final and only safe home for Agapius Honcharenko, Ukrainian patriot and Greek Orthodox priest who was harassed by Tsarist police and special agents across Europe and America on account of his pro-Ukrainian and anti-Russian writings. That he found a safe haven on Walpert […]

Chitactac1

Chitactac

Chitactac75 bedrock mortars and a petroglyphBay Area Rock Art Research Association (BARARA) members view the restored village site.Remember: Stay on the pathway and no daylighting!

MillersCreek

Miller’s Creek

Miller’s Creek3 bedrock mortarsThere’s a lot of up and down hiking from Lake Del Valle to Murietta Falls. Miller’s Creek is about halfway there. It flows down in the depths of Williams Gulch.Bob leans against the bedrock mortar rock beside Miller’s Creek.