Indian Tree
Mortar Count: 6
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Saclan Village
Mortar Count: 8
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Sindicich Lagoon
Mortar Count: 1
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Volmer Peak Rock Wall

Territory: Saclan

The Saclan were a Bay Miwok tribelet occupying the hills and valleys between Oakland and Walnut Creek. Today’s towns of Lafayette, Orinda, and Moraga were within Saclan territory. The Saclans resisted missionization and fought pitched battles with the Spanish, which they always lost, until 1800.

The Saclans enjoyed one important victory at the beginnning of their resistance, however. In the spring of 1795 a small group of Saclans escaped Mission San Francisco and fled back to their homeland. Fourteen Mission Indians were dispatched to retrieve them, but discovered that the runaway Saclans and some of their non-Christian brethren had crossed the bay to attend a dance near the present city of Napa. When the posse caught up with them, the Saclans and their friends attacked, killed seven members of the posse, and drove off the rest. When word of this Saclan victory reached Mission San Francisco, unhappy Mission Indians began to run off. At least 280 people fled the Mission in the summer of 1795. Saclan resistance kept the Spanish at bay until the summer of 1797 when it began to crumble in the face of successive campaigns waged by Pedro Amador.

OrindaIndianTree

Indian Tree

Indian Tree6 bedrock mortars off Valley View in Orinda.Local kids call it the “Indian Tree”.

Saklan

Saclan Village

Saclan Village8 bedrock mortars near Roosmoor main gate.There is even a plaque here commemorating the contact period Saclan village at this site.This site has an official trinomial: CA-CCO-309. It is far larger than the 1963 excavation indicated and contains components that are deeply buried. The oldest of these components dates back nearly 5,000 years. There […]

SindicichLagoon

Sindicich Lagoon

Sindicich Lagoon1 bedrock mortar and 2 suspects below Sindicich Lagoon.Elevation 1172 ft.We hiked Briones Regional Park for years before discovering this site. There is a distinct large depression on the top of the little hill above this mortar..A closeup of this no-doubt-about-it specimen.Photograph by Bob Bardell.