Volvon Village on Mallory Creek
Mortar Count: 715
Open
Above Condor/Coyote Trails
Mortar Count: 5
Open
ALA-481
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Below Cave Point
Mortar Count: 11
Open
Below Jamie’s Knob
Mortar Count: 4
Open
Below Knobcone Point Road
Mortar Count: 21
Open
Below Rock City
Mortar Count: 12
Open
Black Hills Trail
Mortar Count: 3
Open
Blaisdell Trail Alignment
Blue Oak Trail
Mortar Count: 16
Open
Bob Walker’s Cave
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Bob’s Mortar
Mortar Count: 75
Open
Briones Valley
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Camp Confluence
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Canyon Milling site
Mortar Count: 29
Open
Cistern Bath
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Clayton Ranch
Clayton Ranch Alignment
Condor/Coyote Trails
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Coyote Trail below reservoir
Mortar Count: 7
Open
Curry Creek Milling Station
Mortar Count: 18
Open
Curry Point Prayer Circle
Donner Creek
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Downstream from the Whelk Pond
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Elephant Rock
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Fallen Oak Village
Mortar Count: 46
Open
Fig Pig Gulch Meadow
Mortar Count: 19
Open
Founders Ridge
Mortar Count: 3
Open
Green Valley Creek
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Green’s Village in Fig Pig Gulch
Mortar Count: 75
Open
Greenhill Ranch, aka The Green Ranch
Hematite Processing Site
Mortar Count: 12
Open
Hematite Quarry
Highland Ridge Lookout
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Hog Canyon
Mortar Count: 7
Open
Hummingbird
Mortar Count: 10
Open
Indian Tree
Mortar Count: 6
Open
Intersection of Devils Slide Trail and Trail Through Time
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Intersection of Molluck and Coyote Trails
Mortar Count: 11
Open
Jamie’s Knob
Mortar Count: 13
Open
Jan Enderle Village
Mortar Count: 35
Open
Joel’s Rockspring Cave
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Joel’s Straggler
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Keller Ranch
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Lion’s Mane Village
Mortar Count: 72
Open
Live Oak Campground
Mortar Count: 28
Open
Long Canyon and Marsh Creek
Mortar Count: 36
Open
Los Meganos State Historic Park
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Los Vaqueros Log Cabin Village
Mortar Count: 60
Open
Los Vaqueros Overlook
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Los Vaqueros Pond Village
Mortar Count: 130
Open
Louise’s Walkway
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Lower Deer Valley
Mortar Count: 14
Open
Lower Highland Ridge Pond
Mortar Count: 5
Open
Lower Mallory Creek
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Lower North Blue Oak
Mortar Count: 3
Open
Lower Village Overlook
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Lower Village Upper Overlook
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Lower Volvon Village
Mortar Count: 200
Open
MacDonald Trail
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Macedo Ranch
Mortar Count: 4
Open
Mallory Creek #1
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Mallory Creek #2
Mortar Count: 7
Open
Mallory Creek #3
Mortar Count: 10
Open
Mallory Creek Village
Mortar Count: 45
Open
Mallory Ridge Pond
Mortar Count: 6
Open
Manhattan Trail–Black Diamond Mines
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Manzanita berry grinding slick with one cupule
Manzanita Ridge
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Manzanita slick
Manzanita Trail
Mortar Count: 11
Open
Mid Silva Creek Terrace
Mortar Count: 11
Open
Morgan Territory Ridge East Shelf #1
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Morgan Territory Ridge East Shelf #2
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Morgan Territory Ridge East Shelf #3
Mortar Count: 3
Open
Morgan Territory Ridge Ridge East Overlook
Mortar Count: 3
Open
Murphy Meadow
Mortar Count: 8
Open
Near Intersection of Blue Oak and Miwok Trails
Mortar Count: 5
Open
Near the top of Hog Canyon
Mortar Count: 3
Open
North Morgan Territory Ridge
Mortar Count: 2
Open
North Morgan Territory Ridge Lookout Knob
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Nothing There
Mortar Count: 38
Open
Off Marsh Creek Road
Mortar Count: 5
Open
Pine Canyon #1
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Pine Canyon #2
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Prayer Ridge
Riggs Canyon Rock Camp
Mortar Count: 113
Open
Rock City
Mortar Count: 13
Open
Rocky Ridge
Mortar Count: 10
Open
Round Valley
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Round Valley Village
Mortar Count: 317
Open
Saclan Village
Mortar Count: 8
Open
SE Mallory Ridge
Mortar Count: 4
Open
Silva Creek
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Silva Creek Cave
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Silva/Kellogg Lower
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Silva/Kellogg Upper
Mortar Count: 5
Open
Sindicich Lagoon
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Slick Ridge
Mortar Count: 33
Open
South Blue Oak Trail Ridge
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Stone Corral
Mortar Count: 33
Open
SW Riggs Canyon
Mortar Count: 5
Open
SW Windy Point
Mortar Count: 9
Open
Tao House Grooved Rock
The Toad
Top of Hog Canyon
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Trail Through Time
Mortar Count: 27
Open
Upper East Morgan Territory Ridge
Mortar Count: 6
Open
Upper Homestead Trail Knob site
Mortar Count: 8
Open
Upper Marsh Creek Tributary
Mortar Count: 3
Open
Upper Pond Village Creek
Mortar Count: 10
Open
Upper San Leandro Reservoir
Mortar Count: 8
Open
Upper Whipsnake Trail
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Volmer Peak Rock Wall
Volvon Overlook
Mortar Count: 3
Open
Whelk Lookout
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Whelk Pond
Mortar Count: 5
Open
Willow Park Golf Course
Mortar Count: 10
Open
Windy Point
Mortar Count: 9
Open

Territory: Bay Miwok

Speakers of Bay Miwok dialects occupied most of the area of Contra Costa County not bordering San Francisco or San Pablo bays. The territory of one Bay Miwok tribe, the Jalquin, may have extended into Alameda county and touched San Francisco bay at the mouth of San Leandro Creek.

AWM1

Upper Whipsnake Trail

Upper Whipsnake Trail2 bedrock mortars and a metateElevation 2002 ft.Alex discovered these mortars on his way back from a visit to the Volvon Village.The mortars here don’t fall into the “no doubt about it” category, but Doc Hale has given them his stamp of approval.

FR1

Founders Ridge

Founders Ridge2 bedrock mortars and 1 broken mortarElevation 2498 ft.We’ve walked along this ridge a bunch of times, but we weren’t checking out the rocks with Jeff’s sharp eyes.Looking east with the main mortar rock in the foreground. We could see the snow-capped Sierra in the distance. Unfortunately, this picture didn’t capture the view.These are […]

MacDonaldTrail

MacDonald Trail

MacDonald Trail1 probable bedrock mortarElevation 1118 ft.This probable mortar is just below a rock formation that could have functioned as a hunting blind, in our opinion.

Saklan

Saclan Village

Saclan Village8 bedrock mortars near Roosmoor main gate.There is even a plaque here commemorating the contact period Saclan village at this site.This site has an official trinomial: CA-CCO-309. It is far larger than the 1963 excavation indicated and contains components that are deeply buried. The oldest of these components dates back nearly 5,000 years. There […]

BRC3

Below Rock City

Below Rock City12 bedrock mortars on a nice shelfElevation 1567 ft.We found two milling stations at this site, which lies on the north side of the north fork of Sycamore Creek just off the Trail Through Time. Its proximity to the Rock City parking lot and its relative seclusion commend it as a fine picnic […]

Molluck-Coyote-Trails

Intersection of Molluck and Coyote Trails

Intersection of Molluck and Coyote Trails.11 Bedrock mortars.The site spans both sides of Coyote Trail. Possible housepits on the east side.This small site could have been home to one or two families. Perhaps they preferred the relative isolation of this spot to the more crowded settlements nearby.The main bedrock mortar rock at this site. See […]

ManTrail

Manzanita Trail

Manzanita Trail11 bedrock mortars and slick.Elevation 1700 ft.Looking at the camp from near the trail.The relative remoteness from water suggests this may have been a seasonal camp, but who knows?That’s Manzanita trail in the background.A pair of mortars in a natural depression.Photograph by Bob Bardell.

SWWindyPoint

SW Windy Point

SW Windy Point9 bedrock mortars near a creek confluence just off the trail.This site is on private property. One should secure permission before visiting it.There are probably more mortars on this slope than meet the eye. Soil washing down from above may soon bury these.

ClayRan4

Clayton Ranch Alignment

Clayton Ranch Alignment75 yard long curving stacked rock alignment.Elevation 1552 ft.Although the nearby tsektsel suggests this alignment might have had religious or spiritual significance for the Volvons, it’s possible the alignment functioned as a hunting blind.Another view of the alignment emphasizing its curvature. Bob is sitting within the confines of a stacked rock rectangle attached […]

SLV-Overlook-Satellite

Los Vaqueros Overlook

Los Vaqueros OverlookTwo bedrock mortars and a slick near the southern tip of Volvon Territory. .Elevation 1268 ft.