Volvon Village on Mallory Creek
Mortar Count: 715
Open
Above Condor/Coyote Trails
Mortar Count: 5
Open
ALA-481
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Below Cave Point
Mortar Count: 11
Open
Below Jamie’s Knob
Mortar Count: 4
Open
Below Knobcone Point Road
Mortar Count: 21
Open
Below Rock City
Mortar Count: 12
Open
Black Hills Trail
Mortar Count: 3
Open
Blaisdell Trail Alignment
Blue Oak Trail
Mortar Count: 16
Open
Bob Walker’s Cave
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Bob’s Mortar
Mortar Count: 75
Open
Briones Valley
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Camp Confluence
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Canyon Milling site
Mortar Count: 29
Open
Cistern Bath
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Clayton Ranch
Clayton Ranch Alignment
Condor/Coyote Trails
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Coyote Trail below reservoir
Mortar Count: 7
Open
Curry Creek Milling Station
Mortar Count: 18
Open
Curry Point Prayer Circle
Donner Creek
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Downstream from the Whelk Pond
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Elephant Rock
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Fallen Oak Village
Mortar Count: 46
Open
Fig Pig Gulch Meadow
Mortar Count: 19
Open
Founders Ridge
Mortar Count: 3
Open
Green Valley Creek
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Green’s Village in Fig Pig Gulch
Mortar Count: 75
Open
Greenhill Ranch, aka The Green Ranch
Hematite Processing Site
Mortar Count: 12
Open
Hematite Quarry
Highland Ridge Lookout
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Hog Canyon
Mortar Count: 7
Open
Hummingbird
Mortar Count: 10
Open
Indian Tree
Mortar Count: 6
Open
Intersection of Devils Slide Trail and Trail Through Time
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Intersection of Molluck and Coyote Trails
Mortar Count: 11
Open
Jamie’s Knob
Mortar Count: 13
Open
Jan Enderle Village
Mortar Count: 35
Open
Joel’s Rockspring Cave
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Joel’s Straggler
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Keller Ranch
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Lion’s Mane Village
Mortar Count: 72
Open
Live Oak Campground
Mortar Count: 28
Open
Long Canyon and Marsh Creek
Mortar Count: 36
Open
Los Meganos State Historic Park
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Los Vaqueros Log Cabin Village
Mortar Count: 60
Open
Los Vaqueros Overlook
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Los Vaqueros Pond Village
Mortar Count: 130
Open
Louise’s Walkway
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Lower Deer Valley
Mortar Count: 14
Open
Lower Highland Ridge Pond
Mortar Count: 5
Open
Lower Mallory Creek
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Lower North Blue Oak
Mortar Count: 3
Open
Lower Village Overlook
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Lower Village Upper Overlook
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Lower Volvon Village
Mortar Count: 200
Open
MacDonald Trail
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Macedo Ranch
Mortar Count: 4
Open
Mallory Creek #1
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Mallory Creek #2
Mortar Count: 7
Open
Mallory Creek #3
Mortar Count: 10
Open
Mallory Creek Village
Mortar Count: 45
Open
Mallory Ridge Pond
Mortar Count: 6
Open
Manhattan Trail–Black Diamond Mines
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Manzanita berry grinding slick with one cupule
Manzanita Ridge
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Manzanita slick
Manzanita Trail
Mortar Count: 11
Open
Mid Silva Creek Terrace
Mortar Count: 11
Open
Morgan Territory Ridge East Shelf #1
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Morgan Territory Ridge East Shelf #2
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Morgan Territory Ridge East Shelf #3
Mortar Count: 3
Open
Morgan Territory Ridge Ridge East Overlook
Mortar Count: 3
Open
Murphy Meadow
Mortar Count: 8
Open
Near Intersection of Blue Oak and Miwok Trails
Mortar Count: 5
Open
Near the top of Hog Canyon
Mortar Count: 3
Open
North Morgan Territory Ridge
Mortar Count: 2
Open
North Morgan Territory Ridge Lookout Knob
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Nothing There
Mortar Count: 38
Open
Off Marsh Creek Road
Mortar Count: 5
Open
Pine Canyon #1
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Pine Canyon #2
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Prayer Ridge
Riggs Canyon Rock Camp
Mortar Count: 113
Open
Rock City
Mortar Count: 13
Open
Rocky Ridge
Mortar Count: 10
Open
Round Valley
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Round Valley Village
Mortar Count: 317
Open
Saclan Village
Mortar Count: 8
Open
SE Mallory Ridge
Mortar Count: 4
Open
Silva Creek
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Silva Creek Cave
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Silva/Kellogg Lower
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Silva/Kellogg Upper
Mortar Count: 5
Open
Sindicich Lagoon
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Slick Ridge
Mortar Count: 33
Open
South Blue Oak Trail Ridge
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Stone Corral
Mortar Count: 33
Open
SW Riggs Canyon
Mortar Count: 5
Open
SW Windy Point
Mortar Count: 9
Open
Tao House Grooved Rock
The Toad
Top of Hog Canyon
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Trail Through Time
Mortar Count: 27
Open
Upper East Morgan Territory Ridge
Mortar Count: 6
Open
Upper Homestead Trail Knob site
Mortar Count: 8
Open
Upper Marsh Creek Tributary
Mortar Count: 3
Open
Upper Pond Village Creek
Mortar Count: 10
Open
Upper San Leandro Reservoir
Mortar Count: 8
Open
Upper Whipsnake Trail
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Volmer Peak Rock Wall
Volvon Overlook
Mortar Count: 3
Open
Whelk Lookout
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Whelk Pond
Mortar Count: 5
Open
Willow Park Golf Course
Mortar Count: 10
Open
Windy Point
Mortar Count: 9
Open

Territory: Bay Miwok

Speakers of Bay Miwok dialects occupied most of the area of Contra Costa County not bordering San Francisco or San Pablo bays. The territory of one Bay Miwok tribe, the Jalquin, may have extended into Alameda county and touched San Francisco bay at the mouth of San Leandro Creek.

Elephant-Rock

Elephant Rock

Elephant RockOne bedrock mortar, cupules, and carved graffiti.Elephant Rock may have been a “prayer” site. See Cupule Petroglyphs in the Diablo Range by E. Breck Parkman in the Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology Vol. 8, No. 2, pp. 254-55 (1986).Home of the Elephant Rock.

LowerVillageOverlook2

Lower Village Overlook

Lower Village OverlookOne bowl-shaped mortar about 7″ in diameter.One larger bowl mortar with a V-shaped cone mortar inside it.Both mortars on one rock.We call this area overlooking the Lower Volvon Village “Louise’s Shelf” in honor of Louise Lacey, whose interest in power spots in the East Bay led us to this site and others nearby.This […]

RockyRidgePestle

Rocky Ridge

Rocky Ridge10 bedrock mortars along an inspirational ridge line.Rock wall alignment.Elevation 1960 ft.Forget the bedrock mortars and rock wall. Hike up to Rocky Ridge for the views. Sunsets are particularly recommended.Looking south from near the headwaters of Kaiser Creek.A big chunk of the San Leandro Creek watershed spreads out to the west below the ridge.This […]

BelowCavePointBowls

Below Cave Point

Below Cave Point11 bedrock mortars all one one rock.Think those big holes are geoconcretions? Think again. They are huge bowl mortars. Their side walls bulge out into the surrounding rock in a classic “Olla” shape–the bowl is wider at the side walls than it is at the rim. The bottoms of these bowls are basically […]

Hummingbird-Trail

Hummingbird

Hummingbird10 bedrock mortars at Hummingbird/Volvon trail.Rock slab with trough. Bedrock mortars nearby.

Manzanita-slick

Manzanita berry grinding slick with one cupule

Manzanita berry grinding slick with one cupule.

SBOTR

South Blue Oak Trail Ridge

South Blue Oak Trail Ridge One bowl mortar, two probable bowl mortars and 2-3 probable bedrock mortars Elevation 2125 ft. Note the smooth, flared rim on this bowl.

MREast4b

Canyon Milling site

Canyon Milling siteTwenty-nine bedrock mortars, three probable bedrock-mortars.Ten small mortars on one rock could be considered cupules.Elevation 1477 ft.Our name for this site comes from Table 1 of the 1992 report Evaluation, Request for Determination of Eligibility, and Effect for the Los Vaqueros Project.A partial view of the site.Photograph by Bob BardellA closer look at […]

MarshCreekSite

Long Canyon and Marsh Creek

Long Canyon and Marsh Creek36 bedrock mortars, 29 on one rock.The location of this site near the mouth of Hog Canyon meant that this was a “gatehouse” settlement guarding one of the principal routes into the Volvon heartland. This was one of the bedrock mortar sites known to early 20th century Contra Costa County historians.This […]

Bowl-metate-SW-Stone-Corral

Near the top of Hog Canyon

Near the top of Hog CanyonPossible bowl Metate with 3 bedrock mortarsThis is either a bowl metate, a rarity in these parts, or what Ernest Johnson in “The Stone Mortars of Contra Costa County” would classify as a type “C3” mortar. Johnson says “Type [C3], which resembles a deeply worn metate, is a true mortar, […]