Volvon Village on Mallory Creek
Mortar Count: 715
Open
Above Condor/Coyote Trails
Mortar Count: 5
Open
ALA-481
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Below Cave Point
Mortar Count: 11
Open
Below Jamie’s Knob
Mortar Count: 4
Open
Below Knobcone Point Road
Mortar Count: 21
Open
Below Rock City
Mortar Count: 12
Open
Black Hills Trail
Mortar Count: 3
Open
Blaisdell Trail Alignment
Blue Oak Trail
Mortar Count: 16
Open
Bob Walker’s Cave
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Bob’s Mortar
Mortar Count: 75
Open
Briones Valley
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Camp Confluence
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Canyon Milling site
Mortar Count: 29
Open
Cistern Bath
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Clayton Ranch
Clayton Ranch Alignment
Condor/Coyote Trails
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Coyote Trail below reservoir
Mortar Count: 7
Open
Curry Creek Milling Station
Mortar Count: 18
Open
Curry Point Prayer Circle
Donner Creek
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Downstream from the Whelk Pond
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Elephant Rock
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Fallen Oak Village
Mortar Count: 46
Open
Fig Pig Gulch Meadow
Mortar Count: 19
Open
Founders Ridge
Mortar Count: 3
Open
Green Valley Creek
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Green’s Village in Fig Pig Gulch
Mortar Count: 75
Open
Greenhill Ranch, aka The Green Ranch
Hematite Processing Site
Mortar Count: 12
Open
Hematite Quarry
Highland Ridge Lookout
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Hog Canyon
Mortar Count: 7
Open
Hummingbird
Mortar Count: 10
Open
Indian Tree
Mortar Count: 6
Open
Intersection of Devils Slide Trail and Trail Through Time
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Intersection of Molluck and Coyote Trails
Mortar Count: 11
Open
Jamie’s Knob
Mortar Count: 13
Open
Jan Enderle Village
Mortar Count: 35
Open
Joel’s Rockspring Cave
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Joel’s Straggler
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Keller Ranch
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Lion’s Mane Village
Mortar Count: 72
Open
Live Oak Campground
Mortar Count: 28
Open
Long Canyon and Marsh Creek
Mortar Count: 36
Open
Los Meganos State Historic Park
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Los Vaqueros Log Cabin Village
Mortar Count: 60
Open
Los Vaqueros Overlook
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Los Vaqueros Pond Village
Mortar Count: 130
Open
Louise’s Walkway
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Lower Deer Valley
Mortar Count: 14
Open
Lower Highland Ridge Pond
Mortar Count: 5
Open
Lower Mallory Creek
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Lower North Blue Oak
Mortar Count: 3
Open
Lower Village Overlook
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Lower Village Upper Overlook
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Lower Volvon Village
Mortar Count: 200
Open
MacDonald Trail
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Macedo Ranch
Mortar Count: 4
Open
Mallory Creek #1
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Mallory Creek #2
Mortar Count: 7
Open
Mallory Creek #3
Mortar Count: 10
Open
Mallory Creek Village
Mortar Count: 45
Open
Mallory Ridge Pond
Mortar Count: 6
Open
Manhattan Trail–Black Diamond Mines
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Manzanita berry grinding slick with one cupule
Manzanita Ridge
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Manzanita slick
Manzanita Trail
Mortar Count: 11
Open
Mid Silva Creek Terrace
Mortar Count: 11
Open
Morgan Territory Ridge East Shelf #1
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Morgan Territory Ridge East Shelf #2
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Morgan Territory Ridge East Shelf #3
Mortar Count: 3
Open
Morgan Territory Ridge Ridge East Overlook
Mortar Count: 3
Open
Murphy Meadow
Mortar Count: 8
Open
Near Intersection of Blue Oak and Miwok Trails
Mortar Count: 5
Open
Near the top of Hog Canyon
Mortar Count: 3
Open
North Morgan Territory Ridge
Mortar Count: 2
Open
North Morgan Territory Ridge Lookout Knob
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Nothing There
Mortar Count: 38
Open
Off Marsh Creek Road
Mortar Count: 5
Open
Pine Canyon #1
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Pine Canyon #2
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Prayer Ridge
Riggs Canyon Rock Camp
Mortar Count: 113
Open
Rock City
Mortar Count: 13
Open
Rocky Ridge
Mortar Count: 10
Open
Round Valley
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Round Valley Village
Mortar Count: 317
Open
Saclan Village
Mortar Count: 8
Open
SE Mallory Ridge
Mortar Count: 4
Open
Silva Creek
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Silva Creek Cave
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Silva/Kellogg Lower
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Silva/Kellogg Upper
Mortar Count: 5
Open
Sindicich Lagoon
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Slick Ridge
Mortar Count: 33
Open
South Blue Oak Trail Ridge
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Stone Corral
Mortar Count: 33
Open
SW Riggs Canyon
Mortar Count: 5
Open
SW Windy Point
Mortar Count: 9
Open
Tao House Grooved Rock
The Toad
Top of Hog Canyon
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Trail Through Time
Mortar Count: 27
Open
Upper East Morgan Territory Ridge
Mortar Count: 6
Open
Upper Homestead Trail Knob site
Mortar Count: 8
Open
Upper Marsh Creek Tributary
Mortar Count: 3
Open
Upper Pond Village Creek
Mortar Count: 10
Open
Upper San Leandro Reservoir
Mortar Count: 8
Open
Upper Whipsnake Trail
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Volmer Peak Rock Wall
Volvon Overlook
Mortar Count: 3
Open
Whelk Lookout
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Whelk Pond
Mortar Count: 5
Open
Willow Park Golf Course
Mortar Count: 10
Open
Windy Point
Mortar Count: 9
Open

Territory: Bay Miwok

Speakers of Bay Miwok dialects occupied most of the area of Contra Costa County not bordering San Francisco or San Pablo bays. The territory of one Bay Miwok tribe, the Jalquin, may have extended into Alameda county and touched San Francisco bay at the mouth of San Leandro Creek.

LowerNorthBlueOak

Lower North Blue Oak

Lower North Blue Oak3-4 possible bedrock mortarsElevation 2041 feetIt’s hard to tell sometimes if a hole in a rock has been worked or is just a natural feature.

RockCity

Rock City

Rock City13 bedrock mortars, grinding slick, cupules, and incisions.There are deep, well-worn mortars here.Another view.

ALA-481-1

ALA-481

ALA-4812 shallow bedrock mortarsElevation 655 ft.We finally discovered this site after years of looking for it. The mortars are on separate rocks near the creek. We know there’s a circle-within-a-circle petroglyph here somewhere, so we’ll be back..

HogCanyonPortable

Hog Canyon

Hog Canyon6 bedrock mortars and 1 portable mortar in Hog Canyon.The route up Hog Canyon from Marsh Creek was one of the main entryways to the Volvon heartland. This site is right on that trail.Jim examines the portable mortar. Bob looks toward a toward a bedrock mortar on a tipped over rock.

Top-of-Manhattan-Trail

Manhattan Trail–Black Diamond Mines

Manhattan Trail–Black Diamond Mines5 cupule rock, 1 bedrock mortar at the top of Manhattan Trail.Jim and Heather examine cupules.

WestSlickRidge2a

Slick Ridge

Slick Ridge33 bedrock mortars, numerous slicks, and multiple housepits on a ridge between Blue Oak and Volvon Trails.Many of these mortars are pot or pan-shaped, relative rarities in Volvon territory.We call this Slick Ridge because of all the flat rocks with shallow indentations we’ve found here. It’s hard to tell sometimes what’s a slick and […]

CampConfluence

Camp Confluence

Camp Confluence1 bedrock mortar on the north fork of Kaiser Creek.There’s supposed to be a petroglyph boulder on the upper reaches of Kaiser Creek, but we’ve never been able to find it. We did find this single mortar and little camp though.

LiveOak1

Live Oak Campground

Live Oak Campground28 bedrock mortar milling station; nearby pictograph cave of probable historic origin.This settlement and the one at Rock City are the highest habitation sites in the Volvon Territory. Many ancient trails converge near Curry Point, not far from here, suggesting that these two sites sat at the gateway to the top of Mount […]

BOM1

Near Intersection of Blue Oak and Miwok Trails

Near Intersection of Blue Oak and Miwok Trails5 bedrock mortars, slicksElevation 2064 ft.Just when we’d thought we’d probably seen it all in Morgan Territory, we took this little single-track trail and … The mortars here are all borderline examples. They may have started life as natural featuresBob studies a probable bedrock mortarA likely mortar.

CheckerLily90R

Upper Marsh Creek Tributary

Upper Marsh Creek Tributary3 bedrock mortars, slick and cupule.Jim and Bob examine a rock.A water wonderland.A checker lily blooming just off Coyote Trail.