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Bay Miwok – Bay Area Native Sites
Volvon Village on Mallory Creek
Mortar Count: 715
Open
Upper Whipsnake Trail
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Volmer Peak Rock Wall
Volvon Overlook
Mortar Count: 3
Open
Above Condor/Coyote Trails
Mortar Count: 5
Open
Whelk Lookout
Mortar Count: 2
Open
ALA-481
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Whelk Pond
Mortar Count: 5
Open
Willow Park Golf Course
Mortar Count: 10
Open
Below Cave Point
Mortar Count: 11
Open
Below Jamie’s Knob
Mortar Count: 4
Open
Below Knobcone Point Road
Mortar Count: 21
Open
Windy Point
Mortar Count: 9
Open
Below Rock City
Mortar Count: 12
Open
Black Hills Trail
Mortar Count: 3
Open
Blaisdell Trail Alignment
Blue Oak Trail
Mortar Count: 16
Open
Bob Walker’s Cave
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Bob’s Mortar
Mortar Count: 75
Open
Briones Valley
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Camp Confluence
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Canyon Milling site
Mortar Count: 29
Open
Cistern Bath
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Clayton Ranch
Clayton Ranch Alignment
Condor/Coyote Trails
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Coyote Trail below reservoir
Mortar Count: 7
Open
Curry Creek Milling Station
Mortar Count: 18
Open
Curry Point Prayer Circle
Donner Creek
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Downstream from the Whelk Pond
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Elephant Rock
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Fallen Oak Village
Mortar Count: 46
Open
Fig Pig Gulch Meadow
Mortar Count: 19
Open
Founders Ridge
Mortar Count: 3
Open
Green Valley Creek
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Green’s Village in Fig Pig Gulch
Mortar Count: 75
Open
Greenhill Ranch, aka The Green Ranch
Hematite Processing Site
Mortar Count: 12
Open
Hematite Quarry
Highland Ridge Lookout
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Hog Canyon
Mortar Count: 7
Open
Hummingbird
Mortar Count: 10
Open
Indian Tree
Mortar Count: 6
Open
Intersection of Devils Slide Trail and Trail Through Time
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Intersection of Molluck and Coyote Trails
Mortar Count: 11
Open
Jamie’s Knob
Mortar Count: 13
Open
Jan Enderle Village
Mortar Count: 35
Open
Joel’s Rockspring Cave
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Joel’s Straggler
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Keller Ranch
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Lion’s Mane Village
Mortar Count: 72
Open
Live Oak Campground
Mortar Count: 28
Open
Long Canyon and Marsh Creek
Mortar Count: 36
Open
Los Meganos State Historic Park
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Los Vaqueros Log Cabin Village
Mortar Count: 60
Open
Los Vaqueros Overlook
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Los Vaqueros Pond Village
Mortar Count: 130
Open
Louise’s Walkway
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Lower Deer Valley
Mortar Count: 14
Open
Lower Highland Ridge Pond
Mortar Count: 5
Open
Lower Mallory Creek
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Lower North Blue Oak
Mortar Count: 3
Open
Lower Village Overlook
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Lower Village Upper Overlook
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Lower Volvon Village
Mortar Count: 200
Open
MacDonald Trail
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Macedo Ranch
Mortar Count: 4
Open
Mallory Creek #1
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Mallory Creek #2
Mortar Count: 7
Open
Mallory Creek #3
Mortar Count: 10
Open
Mallory Creek Village
Mortar Count: 45
Open
Mallory Ridge Pond
Mortar Count: 6
Open
Manhattan Trail–Black Diamond Mines
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Manzanita berry grinding slick with one cupule
Manzanita Ridge
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Manzanita slick
Manzanita Trail
Mortar Count: 11
Open
Mid Silva Creek Terrace
Mortar Count: 11
Open
Morgan Territory Ridge East Shelf #1
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Morgan Territory Ridge East Shelf #2
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Morgan Territory Ridge East Shelf #3
Mortar Count: 3
Open
Morgan Territory Ridge Ridge East Overlook
Mortar Count: 3
Open
Murphy Meadow
Mortar Count: 8
Open
Near Intersection of Blue Oak and Miwok Trails
Mortar Count: 5
Open
Near the top of Hog Canyon
Mortar Count: 3
Open
North Morgan Territory Ridge
Mortar Count: 2
Open
North Morgan Territory Ridge Lookout Knob
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Nothing There
Mortar Count: 38
Open
Off Marsh Creek Road
Mortar Count: 5
Open
Pine Canyon #1
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Pine Canyon #2
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Prayer Ridge
Riggs Canyon Rock Camp
Mortar Count: 113
Open
Rock City
Mortar Count: 13
Open
Rocky Ridge
Mortar Count: 10
Open
Round Valley
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Round Valley Village
Mortar Count: 317
Open
Saclan Village
Mortar Count: 8
Open
SE Mallory Ridge
Mortar Count: 4
Open
Silva Creek
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Silva Creek Cave
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Silva/Kellogg Lower
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Silva/Kellogg Upper
Mortar Count: 5
Open
Sindicich Lagoon
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Slick Ridge
Mortar Count: 33
Open
South Blue Oak Trail Ridge
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Stone Corral
Mortar Count: 33
Open
SW Riggs Canyon
Mortar Count: 5
Open
SW Windy Point
Mortar Count: 9
Open
Tao House Grooved Rock
The Toad
Top of Hog Canyon
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Trail Through Time
Mortar Count: 27
Open
Upper East Morgan Territory Ridge
Mortar Count: 6
Open
Upper Homestead Trail Knob site
Mortar Count: 8
Open
Upper Marsh Creek Tributary
Mortar Count: 3
Open
Upper Pond Village Creek
Mortar Count: 10
Open
Upper San Leandro Reservoir
Mortar Count: 8
Open

Territory: Bay Miwok

Speakers of Bay Miwok dialects occupied most of the area of Contra Costa County not bordering San Francisco or San Pablo bays. The territory of one Bay Miwok tribe, the Jalquin, may have extended into Alameda county and touched San Francisco bay at the mouth of San Leandro Creek.

BasketHopper.jpg

Volvon Village on Mallory Creek

Volvon Village on Mallory Creek 715 bedrock mortars and countless housepits spread over a half mile. Cupule rock. This village, located in the highlands of the Black Hills, must have been one of the largest settlements in the prehistoric Bay Area, yet it was, apparently, unknown to early archaeologists and historians. It does not appear […]

Cistern-spot

Cistern Bath

Cistern BathOne probable shallow mortar.Time to take a bath when the nearby cistern fills with water.

Hematite

Hematite Processing Site

Hematite Processing Site12 bedrock mortars at Holy Names College.Hematite was processed and quarried here. It was often burned, which produced brighter reds, and then leached to remove salts and soften the rock. After that it was ground to a powder.Closeup of a chunk of hematite. Subtle processing differences produced different hues of red ochre.This may […]

LMSHP

Los Meganos State Historic Park

Los Meganos State Historic Park2 bedrock mortars and two anvilsElevation 230 ft.These mortars sit near Briones Creek in the hills behind John Marsh’s house. We wouldn’t have looked for mortars or even hiked here if Joel had not made an initial reconnaissance of this area.Bob looks toward the mountain and its subsidiary peaks. The Briones […]

Mallory-Creek-3rd-confluence-P1010018

Mallory Creek #3

Mallory Creek #3Near the confluence of Mallory and Kellogg Creeks.10 bedrock mortars and an 8 cupule rock in the creek.Elevation 495 ft.Portions of this site may be inundated by the new high water level of Los Vaqueros Reservoir.Kellog Creek flows below us on its meander to the Delta, but instead of flowing steadily downward through […]

NMR2b

North Morgan Territory Ridge

North Morgan Territory Ridge2 bedrock mortars and 4 or 5 bowls near the head of a watercourse. Probable housepits.Elevation 2112 ft.A bedrock mortar adjacent to one of the probable housepits.A big bowl.A bowl with a “fishtail” in the rim, a feature we’ve encountered at several sites in Volvon territory.Photograph by Bob Bardell.We believe the trinomial […]

SilvaKelloggLower

Silva/Kellogg Lower

Silva/Kellogg Lower1 bowl mortar, 1 broken mortar, 3 starters/cupules.Elevation 531 ft.This site may be inundated when the enlarged Los Vaqueros reservoir reaches its highest water level.Bob measures the bowl mortar.We believe the trinomial for this site is CA-CCO-452.

SLRes

Upper San Leandro Reservoir

Upper San Leandro Reservoir8 bedrock mortars, 3-5 cupules. Site may be underwater.This is a beautiful spot now because of the Upper San Leandro Reservoir, but it was probably nice in Jalquin times too. Back then these mortars were on a little hillside terrace above Kaiser Creek, a perennial watercourse. How many mortars here and how […]

ClayRan2

Clayton Ranch

Clayton Ranch TsektselProbable Prayer Circle (tsektsel)Elevation 1520 ft.The prayer circle is a ruin today–its once-stacked rocks likely knocked about by grazing cattle. Mt. Diablo is still there though.

HematiteQuarry

Hematite Quarry

Hematite QuarryHematite, the mineral form of iron oxide, was highly prized by the Ohlone and Miwok triblets surrounding San Francisco Bay. It was the principal source of red ochre, used in burials, ceremonies, and pigments. Hematite outcroppings near the intersection of Redwood Road and Mountain Boulevard in Oakland undoubtedly supplied much of the prehistoric Bay […]