Whittell Marsh ShellmoundNear the tip of Point Pinole.Elevation 7 ft.N. C. Nelson counted 425 shellmounds in his seminal article “Shellmounds of the San Francisco Bay Region,” University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology, Vol. 7, No. 4, Putnam and Kroeber editors, The University Press, 1909. Very few can be seen today. This is […]
Buckeye Canyon MoundShellmound in a beautiful canyon settingElevation 242 ft.Thanks to midden man for directing us here.The map accompanying N. C. Nelson’s Shellmounds of the San Francisco Bay Region showed six shellmounds clustered along the south shore of the now-filled Brisbane lagoon. Undoubtedly this was one of them.Looking out over the mound. We estimate its […]
Miwok Meadows #1Shellmound midden at the mouth of Miwok Meadows in China Camp State ParkElevation 25 ft.There are three known shellmounds in this general vicinity. We’ve found two. The map accompanying N. C. Nelson’s Shellmounds of the San Francisco Bay Region showed eleven shellmounds along this stretch of shoreline. Undoubtedly this was one of them.This […]
Miwok Meadows #2Shellmound midden at the head of Miwok Meadows in China Camp State ParkElevation 43 ft.Looking over the mound with San Pablo Bay and the Napa Hills in the background. There was a Miwok village at this site. The map accompanying N. C. Nelson’s Shellmounds of the San Francisco Bay Region showed eleven shellmounds […]
Patterson Mound, CA-ALA-328Tuibun village site, Coyote HillsElevation 18 ft.According to Polly Bickel, there are four known shellmounds in this general vicinity of Coyote Hills. For a fascinating, in-depth study of three of them, check out San Francisco Bay Archaeology: Sites ALA-328, ALA-13, and ALA-12. Be sure to look at the Plates that accompany Bickel’s paper. […]
Pinole Shores ShellmoundElevation 16 ft.Dave turned us on to this mound. Keep up the good work Dave!Perhaps this mound is best described as a “shell heap”. It’s spread all over the top of the spit.We’ve identified Ostrea lurida (Olympia oyster), Mytilus californianus (California mussel), and Mytilus edulis (blue mussel) at this site.Photographs by Bob Bardell.
Siplichiquin Shell MoundLarge shellmound with a bay viewElevation 30 ft.Subsurface charcoal samples recovered here have been radiocarbon dated back over 5,000 years, making this shellmound one of the oldest in the Bay Area. Other charcoal samples date from just a few hundred years ago. Perhaps this mound was an active village site when the Spanish […]