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Cupules – Bay Area Native Sites
Volvon Village on Mallory Creek
Mortar Count: 715
Open
Upper Welch Creek Road
Mortar Count: 5
Open
West Ohlone Rocky Ridge
Mortar Count: 17
Open
ALA-60 at Crow Canyon Road and Castro Valley Boulevard
Mortar Count: 44
Open
Wildcat Creek Cupule Rock
Alvarado Park
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Williams Gulch
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Blue Oak Trail
Mortar Count: 16
Open
Briggs Creek below Alma College
Mortar Count: 25
Open
Canada del Cierbo
Mortar Count: 28
Open
Canyon Milling site
Mortar Count: 29
Open
Canyon Trail Park Petroglyph Boulder CA-CCO-152
Mortar Count: 20
Open
Chinese Tree of Heaven
Mortar Count: 18
Open
Diablo Grande Cave
Mortar Count: 9
Open
Don Edwards Preserve
Mortar Count: 4
Open
Elephant Rock
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Evergreen Valley Cupule Rock on Silver Creek
First Terrace
Mortar Count: 31
Open
Gossip Rock
Mortar Count: 5
Open
Lake Del Valle, Campsite 74
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Los Vaqueros Log Cabin Village
Mortar Count: 60
Open
Lower Volvon Village
Mortar Count: 200
Open
Lynch Canyon Village
Mortar Count: 51
Open
Mallory Creek Village
Mortar Count: 45
Open
Manhattan Trail–Black Diamond Mines
Mortar Count: 1
Open
Manzanita berry grinding slick with one cupule
Mid-Walpert Village
Mortar Count: 32
Open
Mira Vista Park
Mortar Count: 10
Open
Monte Bello Open Space–headwaters of Stevens Creek
Mortar Count: 12
Open
Pena-Vaca Adobe
Mortar Count: 20
Open
Pine Canyon #1
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Rock City
Mortar Count: 13
Open
Round Valley Village
Mortar Count: 317
Open
Silva/Kellogg Lower
Mortar Count: 2
Open
Stone Corral
Mortar Count: 33
Open
Stromer Spring
Mortar Count: 25
Open
Tolenas Springs Village
Mortar Count: 41
Open
Upper Pond Village Creek
Mortar Count: 10
Open
Upper San Leandro Reservoir
Mortar Count: 8
Open

Feature: Cupules

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Volvon Village on Mallory Creek

Volvon Village on Mallory Creek 715 bedrock mortars and countless housepits spread over a half mile. Cupule rock. This village, located in the highlands of the Black Hills, must have been one of the largest settlements in the prehistoric Bay Area, yet it was, apparently, unknown to early archaeologists and historians. It does not appear […]

AgapiusGrafitti

Gossip Rock

Gossip Rock5 bedrock mortars, possible cupules and incisions.This is one of the rare archaeological sites identified by East Bay Regional Parks. It’s listed right there on the map for Garin/Dry Creek Pioneer Park. Be sure to sit here for a while. Enjoy the south-facing rock and the view of Mission Peak.Jim studies a mortar on […]

LynxRufus

Stone Corral

Stone Corral33 bedrock mortars, prayer circle, 2 sets of double cupules, rock wall alignments, and hunting blinds.Elevation 1800 ft.What kind of animals would be constrained by this corral? We believe the stone corral was the site of Indian games and/or ceremonies. HIke up the ridge to the west and find the spot where you have […]

C741

Lake Del Valle, Campsite 74

Lake Del Valle, Campsite 7414 cupule rock and 1 small bedrock mortar on rock in the nearby creekElevation 714 ft.Thanks to Joel and Alex for discovering these rocks.The cupule rock was likely moved here. The patterns of cupules appear non-random, which suggests they may have had representational functions.This shallow mortar is difficult to make out […]

StromerSpring

Stromer Spring

Stromer Spring25 bedrock mortars, cupules, and PCN-style petroglyphsElevation 2023 ft.We used to drink from Stromer Spring in the not-so-distant past. The Park District warns against doing it now.A nice, single-track trail passes near here. We followed it many times without ever stopping to examine these rocks. If we considered them at all, we dismissed them […]

LCW1

Los Vaqueros Log Cabin Village

Los Vaqueros Log Cabin Village.60 bedrock mortars, 4 cupules, 4 slicks, and probably historic rock walls.Elevation 515 ft.Like the Pond Village, the Log Cabin Village found its year-round water in nearby Adobe Creek, but in the winter, water is typically abundant in seasonal tributaries like this one.Looking back toward the Log Cabin, which, alas, is […]

TC3

Tolenas Springs Village

Tolenas Springs Village41 bedrock mortars, 10+ cupules, probable mortarsElevation 268 ft.An artesian spring once geysered water ten feet into the air near the source of Soda Springs Creek, but quarrying for travertine and onyx (begun in the 1850s) eventually destroyed that flow. Patwins referred to this area as the land of healing waters. A resort […]

ALA60_1

ALA-60 at Crow Canyon Road and Castro Valley Boulevard

ALA-6044 bedrock mortars and 182 cupules near the intersection of Crow Canyon Road and Castro Valley Boulevard.The official trinomial for this site is CA-ALA-60. E. Breck Parkman, Senior State Archaeologist for California State Parks, suggests this may be one of the oldest acorn processing sites in the Bay Area. Cultural material excavated here has been […]

LowerVillageNipple

Lower Volvon Village

Lower Volvon Village200 bedrock mortars and a 32 cupule rock. A second cupule rock also at the site. Numerous housepits.Elevation 1445 ft.This is one of the largest collections of bedrock mortars in California, and it is only about a mile and a half away from the main Volvon Village.The Lower Village sits on the side […]

UpperPondCreek1

Upper Pond Village Creek

Upper Pond Village Creek10 bedrock mortars and 10 cupules.Elevation 1888 ft.This site sits beside the creek that flows down to the Pond Village. One of the mortars here is on a nice, flat slab in the creekbed.All ten cupules are on this rock, although it’s hard to make them out in this picture. Two are […]